Saturday, February 8, 2020

A policy dictating mandatory marriage classes before couples get Essay - 1

A policy dictating mandatory marriage classes before couples get married should be introduced - Essay Example This method is expressive and therefore I found it most appropriate for my work. It gives me room to express the project using figures, diagrams, tables, different colouration and symbols. The mode of presentation has a big room for creativity which allows the presentation of the work to be lively, attractive and entertaining. Some of the pictorials added to the presentations are very expressive and helps the reader to understand well the explanation made in the presentation. This mode also makes the work appear smart and memorable to the audience. Because of this attractiveness, the audience is more likely to be attentive to the presentation when it is made. My project is directed especially to policy makers at all levels. This is because this is a presentation which is building up support for an enactment of a policy therefore I need to convince the policy makers that this is a good policy for the society. There are other bodies which may care about this policy and thus about this presentation. The church is one of such bodies. In most churches divorce is discouraged and therefore church leaders may find this policy worth adopting in their policies. It is important for the government to formulate a new policy, one which will require couples to take mandatory marriage classes before they officially get married. This move will minimize the ever-rising cases of divorce and all the negativity and pain that are associated with it. In this presentation, the need and urgency for the institution of this policy is shown. This is done by showing that the causes of divorce can be handled if proper counseling is carried out. It is noted, with a lot of concern, that in first five years of marriage many couples opt for divorce. This is especially the trend for those who marry when they are young. A number of misconceptions about marriage are associated with this trend. Different states are making

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

Trurl’s Machine Essay Example for Free

Trurl’s Machine Essay As a boy Stanislaw Lem showed an early interest in science as well as in the imaginary worlds of fantasy and science fiction. The young Lem’s interest in tinkering mechanical devices of all sorts was put to use by secretly damaging the German vehicles during the Nazi occupation. Later on, he became a full time writer establishing himself as leading science fiction writer in Eastern Europe. This writer from Lvov Poland (now Ukraine) worked on serious themes as the purpose of life and relationship between human beings and technology. Once upon a time Trurl, a constructor built an eight-story thinking machine. As always, he asks it a ritual question of how much is two plus two. Every time he asks this question the machine always says seven that make him so disappointed. He collapsed in despair at the foot of the machine, and sat there until Klapaucius found him. Klapaucius asked what was wrong, for Trurl looked as if he had just returned from a funeral. Trurl explained what happened and Klapaucius said that there still a good side to everything. Trul keeps on kicking the machine until he is warned by it; they notice that aside from being stupid it is also sensitive. Instead of stopping what he is doing, Trul keeps what he is doing, that’s why the machine shuttered, shook and without any word lift itself from its foundations. The machine was swaying like a high tower, advancing slowly; at every step sinking to is second floor, but stubbornly doggedly pulling itself out of the sand and heading straight for them. This left broken concretes behind. They ran straight and soon saw houses before them. The streets were practically deserted at this time and the construction had gone a good distance without meeting living soul, when suddenly an awful crash, like an avalanche at the edge of the town, indicated that the machine was coming after them. The machine is tearing down all the houses! It is plowing all the building. There are dreadful screams, confusions in the streets. The mayor pleased the machine to stop what it is doing and the machine said that it will only stop if they give up Trurl. The mayor pleases the machine to have mercy on them. The mayor said that the damage made by Trurl’s machine will be answered by Trurl. Trurl and Klapaucius went to the machine and escaped by going in the cave but the machine has closed the cave with the rock. They are trapped. They talk to the machine and say that all of its answer is correct that two plus two is seven. They ask if they can go now but the machine said that it will think about it, but first they need to answer what is two times two. Trul fell into a rage, and he said that two and two is four, from the beginning till the end it is four. The machine had begun to ram its eight-story hulk again and again into the wall of stone, hurling itself against the mountain side until huge boulders broke away and went tumbling down into the valley. Thunder and sulfurous fumes filled the cave and sparks flew from the blows of steel on rock, yet through all this pandemonium one could still make out, now and then, the ragged voice of Trurl. They heard an explosion and saw the machine, lay smashed and flattened, nearly broken in half by an enormous boulder that had landed in the middle of its eight floors. With the greatest care they picked their way down through the smoking rubble. In order to reach the riverbed, it was necessary to pass the remains of the machine. Without a word, the two stopped together in the shadow of its twisted hull. The machine still quivered slightly, and one could turning, creaking feebly, within. Yes this is bad enough you’ve come to, and two and two is—as it always was—â€Å" began Trul, but you just then the machine faint, barely audible croaking noise and said for the last time, â€Å"seven. † Then something snapped inside, a few stones dribbled down from overhead, now before them lay nothing but lifeless mass of scrap. The two constructors exchanged a look and silently, without any further comment or conversation, walked back the way they came.

Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Changes brought by the Age of Imperialsim :: essays research papers

The Age of Imperialism brought many changes that caused suffering and improvements in countries. The domination of Europeans in Asia and Africa brought benefits and sufferings. When reading in between the lines, it is clear and obvious that the European?s domination gave Asia much to benefit from and Africa more to suffer from. Asia gained tons of economical power and was educated with Western ideas, but in the long run they turned Western literature it into Chinese matters. On the other hand, Africa lost economical independence. Asia?s population greatly benefited economically because European colonial rule led the Chinese to the modern economic system. In the mid- 1800s Westerners coming in Asia introduced new ways of transportation, communication, and it created export markets. Better transportation brought in new crops and influenced the growth of Asia?s population which led the Chinese economy to become more industrious than it has ever been. The Europeans turned the Chinese market into the 19th century world economy. Europeans introduced the Chinese to better systems of money and banking which created the base for a money market in China. The coming of Westerners inspired new ideas in the education of the Chinese. Even though Confucian social ideals were quickly changed by radical reformers in the cities, a new China was restored and accepted by the modern world. Western literature in the 20th century was well known in rural areas in Asia, but there were still traditionalists who worked on Western art showing Chinese culture. After World War I, Western literature was also transformed into Chinese matters. Economically, Africa paid a large price for British colonial rule because it lost its economic independence. France took control of the largest part of West Africa and in no time Africans became dependent on European textiles. Another reason why Africans suffered from European Imperialism is they were enslaved. They were also tortured in the Congo if they disobeyed in anyway. Those who disobeyed were tied to stakes outside in the scorching heat without food or water for days. African?s who suffered from gangrene had their hands cut off because the soldiers tied it too tightly to the stakes. By 1855, Britain and Germany had become the main chief rivals in East Africa. At the Berlin Conference, the Europeans agreed to how they would claim Africa?

Monday, January 13, 2020

Managerial Leadership Essay

Managerial Leadership is establishing direction and influenciing others to fallow direction, but I feel there is so much more to this difinition. The reason being is because leadership has many variations and diferent areas of emphasis. A common definition of managerial leadership is that Leaders are individuals who, by their actions, facilitate the movement of a group of people toward a common or shared goal. Leaders want and expect from followers competency in their skills and time span for accompishing tasks. Additionally respect for the person of the leader. The Leader has an expectation that when value is offered to the subordinate, training and learning work their capabilities to complete a task. There are many styles of managerial leaders, not all managers are the same, and some types are: * Vsisonary Leader articulates where a group is going, but not how it will get there. They tend to set there people free to innovate, experiment, they let them take risks. * Coaching Leader focuses on developing individuals, showing them how to improve their performance, and helping to connnect their goals to the goals of the organization, the feel that coaching works best with employees who show initative and want more professional development. But it can backfire if it’s; some may feel its like â€Å"micromanaging†. * Affiliative emphasizes the importance of team work, and creates harmony in a group by connecting people to each other. This style can be valuable when trying to heighten team harmony and increase morale, improve communication or repair broken trust in an organization. * Democratic draws on people’s knowledge and skills and creates a group commitment to the resulting goals. It may work best when the direction the organization, should take is unclear, and the leader needs to tap the collective wisdom of the group. This style can disastrous in times of crisis, when urgent events demand quick decisions. * Pacesetting this leader sets high standards for performance. This manager is obsessive about doing things better and faster, they ask the same from everyone else. This way should not be used alone, because it can undercut morale and make people feel as if they are failing. * Commanding is the classic model of â€Å"military† style leadership – probably the most often used, but the least often effective. The reason being it’s rarely involves prasie and frequently employs criticism; it undercuts morale and job satisfaction. This style is only affective in a crisis, when an urgant turnaround is needed. Managerial Leadership is a very important to a company, employees and the future of an organization. There are many types of leaders, and each type is can play a very important role. I feel that with great leadership and organiztions can go far, if you have great leaders you’ll have happy and motivated employees.

Sunday, January 5, 2020

Why Don t More Men Make Their Own Sandwiches - 1104 Words

Why don t more men make their own sandwiches? An evolutionary perspective on the sexual division of labour and the feminization of domestic labour Alice Miao Introduction Sexual division of labour refers to the different tasks delegated to men and women in a society. It has persisted in throughout human history, and one of the modern manifestations is the cross-cultural observation that women do the lion’s share of domestic labour. How can our evolutionary past help us understand the roles of the men and women in the home today? Division of labour by society Hunter-Gatherer Steve Kuhn suggests that a flexible division of labour evolved in the Upper Paleolithic.2 There was a tendency towards â€Å"man the hunter† and â€Å"woman the gatherer†,†¦show more content†¦It was thought that the â€Å"public sphere† (including political leadership and participation) belonged to men, the breadwinners, whereas the â€Å"domestic sphere† belonged to women, the homemakers. There was little flexibility in the corresponding socialization that prepared children to take on their predetermined roles in society. Fig. 1. A man returns to a home in shambles after his wife decides that women should be able to vote Fig. 2. A caveman uses sexual division of labour to help him identify which restroom to use. Are there evolutionary advantages? There are numerous hypotheses that, although not mutually exclusive, provide different perspectives on the answer. Specialization/Cooperation Hypothesis This is one of the most common explanations for the evolution of division of labour. It states that when men and women split their tasks, they are able to achieve a higher overall provisioning rate for their family, increasing offspring survival. Steve Kuhn suggests that this increased efficiency in accessing food sources in hunter-gatherer societies allowed H. sapiens to outcompete Neanderthals.1 Hunter-gatherer societies with division of labour were also thought to eat a more well-balanced diet, also increasing offspring survival.4 Conflict Hypothesis Another explanation has been suggested based on sexual conflict in

Saturday, December 28, 2019

Mona Lisa and Last Supper - 3080 Words

1. The Last Supper is a mural painting by Leonardo da Vinci for his patron Duke Lodovico Sforza. It represents the scene of The Last Supper from the final days of Jesus as depicted in the Bible. The painting is based on John 13:21, in which Jesus announced that one of his 12 disciples would betray him. The painting is one of the most well known and valued in the world; unlike many other valuable paintings, however, it has never been privately owned because it cannot be moved. Ð ¢he painting measures 460 Ãâ€" 880 cm and can be found in the refectory of the convent (Ð ¼Ã ¾Ã ½Ã °Ã' Ã'‚Ã'‹Ã'€Ã'Å') of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan. The theme was a traditional one for refectories (Ã'‚Ã'€Ð °Ã ¿Ã µÃ ·Ã ½Ã °Ã' ; Ã' Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã »Ã ¾Ã ²Ã °Ã' ), but Leonardos interpretation gave it much greater realism†¦show more content†¦It is believed, through early copies, that Jesus feet were in a position symbolizing the forthcoming crucifixion. A first restoration was attempted in 1726 by Michelangelo Bellotti, who filled in missing sections with oil paint then varnished the whole. The last restoration took 22 years and on May 28, 1999 the painting was put back on display, although intending visitors are required to book ahead and can only stay for 15 minutes. When it was unveiled, considerable controversy was aroused by the dramatic changes in colours, tones, and even some facial shapes. James Beck, professor of art history at Columbia University and founder of ArtWatch International, has been a particularly strong critic. 5. The Last Supper in culture A fine 16th century oil on canvas copy is conserved in the abbey of Tongerlo, Antwerp, Belgium. It reveals many details that are no longer visible on the original. The Roman mosaic artist Giacomo Raffaelli made another life-sized copy (1809-1814) in the Viennese Minorite Church. A play has also been written called The Living Last Supper, in which the painting is depicted on stage and the twelve disciples break from the group individually and address the audience. There is a theory, first publicized in The Templar Revelation by Lynn Picknett and Clive Prince, thatShow MoreRelatedThe Last Supper And Mona Lisa978 Words   |  4 Pagescompleted after twelve years. De Vinci redefined both the area of painting and sculpting by pushing the boundaries. De Vinci was responsible for two of the most historical pieces in the world; â€Å"The Last Supper† and â€Å"Mona Lisa†. During the time frame of 1495 to 1498 he worked on infamous â€Å"The Last Supper†, this painting was a â€Å"tempera and oil paint mural on plaster† (History.com). Da Vinci wanted to portray The Passover dinner, and how Jesus mentions to the apostles that one of the twelve will in factRead MoreLeonardo Da Vinci : The Mona Lisa And The Last Supper1376 Words   |  6 Pagescross so many disciplines he epitomized the name of  ¨Renaissance man. ¨ If you ask people about him, most people will recognize him for his art, especially two paintings that are remaining as the worlds most admired and most famous, The Mona Lisa and the Last Supper. A fun fact about Leonardo Da Vinci is that he was self-taught. He also had dozens of secret notebooks that are filled with Observations, Inventions, and theories he had about pursuits from anatomy to aeronautics.But the rest of the worldRead MoreLeonardo Da Vinci s The Last Supper And Mona Lisa1030 Words   |  5 Pagesto biography.com, the article about the writer, mathematician, inventor, and artist Leonardo da Vinci states that, â€Å"Leonardo da Vinci was a leading artist ad intellectual of the Italian Renaissance who’s known for his enduring works â€Å"The Last Supper† and â€Å"Mona Lisa† †. Leonardo da Vinci was born in Vinci, Italy on April 15, 1452. He was born out of wedlock being raised by his father Ser Piero along with his stepmothers. Leonardo da Vinci was into the laws of science and nature, which played a majorRead MoreRenaissance : The Last Supper And The Mona Lisa Painted By Leonardo Da Vinci Essay1008 Words   |  5 Pagesmore (à ¢â‚¬Å"Renaissance†). Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael were some of the most famous artists during the Renaissance among others (â€Å"Famous People†). Even today, the artwork of these men are still very well-known such as â€Å"The Last Supper† and the â€Å"Mona Lisa† painted by Leonardo da Vinci. Two of the main themes of the Renaissance was worldly experience and individual expression (â€Å"Renaissance†). Leonardo da Vinci was born on April 5, 1452 and died at age sixty-seven in 1519. He was born inRead MoreLeonardo Da Vincis Secrets Essay525 Words   |  3 Pagespaintings, but at second glance they are not that simple. For example, Mona Lisa has captivated humanity for centuries because of her smile and her mysterious identity and the small details in The Last Supper have posed questions about what they mean. Leonardo da Vinci attracts me because through his art he may reveal to us some hidden truths about the past and also because he knows the identity of the women in The Mona Lisa. A crowd of people is lined up at the Paris Louvre museum, patientlyRead MoreLeonardo Da Vinci And The Renaissance Period1455 Words   |  6 Pagesthe Mona Lisa, The Last Supper, and the Vitruvian Man. Leonardo was able to leave his signature and symbol of great arts down to many centuries and proved himself once to be one of the world’s greatest painter. Considered to be one of the greatest and indisputably, the most recognizable painting in the world, the Mona Lisa had captured the heart and interest of many generations. The Italian Leonardo is well known for his genius but perhaps the most well-known of his works is found in the Mona LisaRead MoreEssay on The Renaissance: Visual Analysis1515 Words   |  7 Pagesthis are The Last Supper by Leonardo Da Vinci and The School of Athens by Raphael. Leonardo Da Vinci, The Last Supper Among Da Vinci’s many works of art, The Last Supper is considered to be one of his greatest masterpieces even until today. The Last Supper is a fresco painting that designed the wall of the dining hall of a monastery in Milan (Fichner-Rathus 2008) – although it has been argued that the original painting was not traditional fresco but tempera on plaster. The Last Supper depicts Christ’sRead MoreLeonardo Da Vinci And The Renaissance Man1378 Words   |  6 PagesLeonardo’s painting, the Mona Lisa, is one of the most famous paintings of all time. Using his knowledge from anatomy and sciences, he learned to perfect the muscles in human portraits. Leonardo loved both art and science, using both to his advantage. Also known as the Renaissance Man, Da Vinci was a writer, inventor and an artist. He was known to get bored of his work and move on to study something else causing him to only finish a few of his paintings. Despite Leonardo Da Vinci’s anxious na tureRead MoreThe Great Artists And Inventors During The 15th And 16th Century1263 Words   |  6 PagesLeonardo Da Vinci. Leonardo Da Vinci’s intelligence allowed him to create and invent things that none of the other inventors could make or even think of. Da Vinci painted some of the most magnificent and priceless paintings such as the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper. Da Vinci was also an inventor; he would write down all of his ideas and test some of the out. Some of these inventions play a big part of life today; these inventions include the airplane, helicopter, scuba gear, machine gun and plansRead MoreLeonardo Da Vinci And The Renaissance Era1572 Words   |  7 Pagesart flourished. One of the great masters of the Renaissance known as Leonardo Da Vinci, dominated the period of the High Renaissance. The values of the Renaissance exist in the works of Leonardo Da Vinci portrayed through his paintings of Mona Lisa, The Last Supper, and Salvator Mundi. The Renaissance Era was a period in Europe that lasted between the 14th century and 17th century. It was the period of time immediately following the Middle Ages in Europe that saw a great revival of interest in the

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Essay on The Life of Edgar Allan Poe - 4875 Words

The Life of Edgar Allan Poe Edgar Allan Poe is considered to be the father of the short story by many. Over the course of his life, he wrote hundreds of short stories and poems. His writing style is unique and influenced by the tragedies that occurred over the course of his life. In fact, he is most well known for writing morbid stories and gruesome, dismal poems. Indeed his writing habits were heavily influenced by his life. His life was full of depression, angst, and woe. Many of the people he cared for fell victim to deadly plagues and diseases. To cope with this pain, Edgar Allan Poe sought comfort in the bottom of a bottle. In his times of depression he would drink heavily and become sick for days at a time. In between his†¦show more content†¦Edgar Poe was almost three years old at the time of his mother’s death. His mother had hopes of her children being cared for by their uncle, but that did not happen. Instead, Edgar was adopted by Frances Allan. Frances was a friend of Elizabeth Poe an d frequently visited her family knowing that Elizabeth was going to pass away soon, and provided them with money, food, and toys for the children. Edgar Poe was now living in a world totally new to him. Instead of musty rented rooms and sickly mother, he now was living with a well-to-do Virginian merchant and his family. The Allans lived in large house that sat on top of John Allan’s shop. Edgar was treated as a son by the Allans and he referred to John Allan as â€Å"Pa† and Frances Allan as â€Å"Mama† (LeVert 30). During his childhood with the Allans, Poe was badly spoiled by Frances Allan. John Allan however was not as openly affectionate with his adopted son. He did nonetheless want the best for him, and spared no expense when it came to sending Edgar to school. At age four, he was enrolled by John in a dame school to learn to read and write. Suzanne LeVert wrote, â€Å"By the time he was six, Edgar was proficient in reading, drawing, and ballroom dancing† (LeVert 30). This only proves that John Allan did care for Poe and wanted only the best for him. Despite his academic accomplishments, John was still very strict with Poe. Poe’sShow MoreRelatedThe Life of Edgar Allan Poe1279 Words   |  6 PagesA Dream Within a Dream: The Life of Edgar Allan Poe As short fiction has become a more accepted genre in literary circles, Edgar Allan Poe’s stories become more popular. He’s story passed on and on, and he now consider to be the father of the short story by many. His stories were strong and powerful, one called them mystery. Not only his story, but also his life. Edgar Allan Poe was a famous detective story, science fiction, horror fiction, symbolism story and aestheticismRead MoreThe Life Of Edgar Allan Poe1666 Words   |  7 PagesThe Life of Edgar Allan Poe â€Å"Poets are shameless with their experiences: they exploit them.† ― Friedrich Nietzsche The life of Edgar Allan Poe s was short and mysterious - just like the lives of the heroes of his stories. And like his fictional heroes, Poe was passionate about painful, strange, gloomy existence of the human soul. The contradictory and unstable, inclined to extravagant whims and binges, he seemed to haveRead MoreThe Life of Edgar Allan Poe1119 Words   |  5 PagesEdgar Allan Poe In one case out of a hundred a point is excessively discussed because it is obscure; in the ninety-nine remaining it is obscure because it is excessively discussed. This quote by Edgar Allan Poe describes his obscure works which have been discussed and criticized in great detail for many years to come. Some readers believe that his works are too dark and eccentric maybe even deathly. Others believe his works to be masterpieces. However, one thing that is not up for debate is theRead MoreEdgar Allan Poe s Life1308 Words   |  6 PagesPoe was born on January 19, 1809. Poe was born into a family that was high respected and very public, so Poe was destined to have a public career (Dameron and Jacobs). When Poe was two, his parents died (â€Å"Edgar Allan Poe†) and his remaining family was split up into three different foster parents/homes. His oldest brother, William, lived with Poe’s grandfather from his father’s side of the family. Poe’s youngest sibling, Rosalie, lived with William Mackenzie. Poe went with John Allan whose wife wasRead MoreThe Mysterious Life of Edgar Allan Poe1660 Words   |  7 Pagesdifferent genres. But, some people like a story that is short and to the point; Edgar Allan Poe is an author who can provide that. Although he had a rough life, Poe worked very hard to become the skillful author that is known today. Some people like horror stories and others like romances. Edgar Allan Poe is a widely accepted poet and author. He is known for his sullen horror stories and all of the tragedies in his life. Two of his most known stories are â€Å"The Tell-Tale Heart† and â€Å"The Fall of the HouseRead MoreMysteries in the Life of Edgar Allan Poe1277 Words   |  5 PagesEdgar Allan Poe There are many mysteries about the life of Edgar Allan Poe. While many are just legends, our dear poets life has many different tales. There are endless stories, and little truths. While it may be hard finding the stories in the writer’s life, they are not impossible. Edgar Allan Poe’s life was anything but easy. Most of his life was spent heartbroken and alone. He was a man gifted with amazing talent but the world failed to recognize his talents until after his death. Many believeRead MoreThe Life Of Edgar Allan Poe s Life994 Words   |  4 PagesThe Life of Edgar Allan Poe Edgar Allan Poe was born January 9th ,1809 in Boston, Massachusetts. He experienced death at a very early age. By the time he was three both of his parents were dead. He then got placed with foster parents John and Frances Allan. John Allan was a very wealthy man and sent Edgar to all the best boarding schools. After finishing school Edgar attended the University of Virginia. He was great in school, but unfortunately, he had to leave due to his many gambling debts. HeRead MoreThe Life and Writings of Edgar Allan Poe1023 Words   |  5 PagesEdgar Allan Poe, is one of the most brilliant literary writers in history. He wrote many poems and short stories throughout his rather short lifetime, most of which encompassed such themes as death, destruction, and madness. These intriguing, and often frightening tales, as well as his clever use of a multitude of literary tactics, is what set him apart from the rest, and what makes him so popular still today. Reading his work, one is sure to won der where these ideas came from. However, a littleRead MoreEdgar Allan Poe s Life1092 Words   |  5 Pages Edgar Allan Poe lived in a constant state of struggle and misfortune. Poe was raised with no father, while his mother suffered from tuberculosis for the first three years of his life. Following the death of his mother, a young Poe moved into the house of John and Frances Allan. In his lifetime, Poe attended the University of Virginia for one semester, The United States Military Academy at West Point and enlisted in the military under an alias of â€Å"Edgar A. Perry.† (Ober, 1960) After constantly beingRead MoreLife and Talent of Edgar Allan Poe906 Words   |  4 PagesEdgar Allen Poe was bone in Boston on January 19 1809 to David and Elizabeth Poe. He lost his parents at the age of two years and had to be adopted by John Allan and his wife Frances Valentine Allan. John Allan was a very wealthy man but he only gave Edgar a third of his school requirements and this al ienated him from Edgar. When Allan’s wife dies Edgar also decides to move out because he could not put up with John Allan. Edgar loved poetry from a tender age. He even wrote verses to girls that he